Republic of Venice
The Republic of Venice was a state originating from the city of Venice in Northeastern Italy. It existed for over a millennium, from the late 7th century until…
1675-1699, Venice, Italy - Corono Ducal (Hat) - Silk and metal. This hat is an example of the 'corno ducale', a ceremonial crown which was worn by the Doge over a cap of fine linen known as a camauro. These caps were hand-made by the nuns of the Convent of San Zaccaria and a new cap was presented to the Doge every Easter Monday, following a procession from San Marco to the convent.
Venetian relations with the Ottoman Empire were sustained by trade, but punctuated by conflict. In the mid-17th century, the Turks retaliated against the Venetians for attacks on Turkish ships by the Knights Hospitaller of St. John, beginning a quarter-century of war. A Venetian painter depicted the “Action of August 27, 1661,” a battle in which the combined forces of Venice and Malta—22 ships—defeated a Turkish fleet of 36 galleys.
This Doge Enrico Dandolo, was the man behind the fourth Crusade, personally leading an armada of Venetian ships to the east. Tragically he was present and a political participant of the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Men of the Cross killing other men of the Cross and destroying one of the greatest cities in the world, also opened the flood gates for Ottoman rule. Such tragic irony riddled with greed and blind hate.
How venetians could Inform on people by passing secret notes into the mouth.