Spectacles / Pince-nez
The earliest surviving spectacles from Kloster Wienhausen, Germany- The former Cistercian Catholic nunnery, is famous as the home of the earliest surviving spectacles, which were found beneath the floorboards between the choir stalls. The finds included four black leather bow spectacles, two complete wooden rivetted spectacles with plano-convex lenses and nine other rivet spectacle fragments, from between the 15th and 17th century. (via Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
Riconstruction of late 15th c. spectacles using coeval sources, philological raw materials and 100% genuine handicraft techniques. Project by IMAGO ANTIQUA Cult. Ass., Italy. #15thcentury #Quattrocento #XVsecolo #XVsec #pincenez #occhiale #occhiali #miopia #presbiopia #occhialimedievali #occhialistorici #spectacles #medievalspectacles
Medieval glasses: Dropped in the toilet As letter types decreased in size, glasses came into use, likely in the 13th century. These were usually clip-on models without support behind the ears. This is a pair of 14th-century glasses. These glasses were excavated from a medieval toilet in the Augustinian monastic house in Freiburg, Germany.
1430-40 English: corbel displayed high up in the church of St Martin, Salisbury in Wiltshire. It shows a nun wearing rivet spectacles with long shafts reaching so high that they don't really rest on the bridge of the nose at all. An indication of the appearance of the pupil as seen through a lens has been attempted by the sculptor. Possibly could be up to 100 years older - 1330-40.
1480 "Saint Jerome in his Study" by Ghiraldaio. "This contemporary image denotes the importance of eyeglasses in the late fifteenth-century. They were commonly used in art to portray honor and scholarship. This painting also shows how eyeglasses were stored and used, giving a glimpse into the habit of medieval study."
1352 Venice: by Tommaso da Modena in the Chapter House of the Seminario attached to the Basilica San Nicolo in Treviso, north of Venice. Cardinal Hugo of Provence [Hugh de St. Cher] is shown at his writing desk wearing a pair of rivet spectacles that appear to stay in place on the nose without additional support.